Summery of pages 123 - 127
the people of united states and Great Britain have teir roots in mant different places on earth.
Some came to settle in in peace, some to invade, conquer ore to find a work and a new start.
Celtes settled down in parts of british Isles in 6th and 3 rd centuries.
They where mainly farmers and spoke Gaelic.
The Romans drove many of the Celtic tribes in to wales, Scotland and Ireland when the Romans invaded Britain.
London Became their capital and their built som major cities in bath, Chester and york.
The Romsans province of Britannia lasted until the 5Th Ceuntry, because at that time the soldiers where needed at home, so they left Britain.
However the Celts did not have britain for longe, because Angelo- Saxon tribes from present- day Germany soon invaded the Island and the celts where beaten once again.
The Scandinavian vikings came to raidabd plunder along the coast, but after a while they started settle in Britain. The viking power in Britain came to and end in 1066, when Harold the second beat the Norwegian king.
A french duke who's name is William beat the English and the battle of Hastings in 1066. William the Conquer sonn established a Norman state. English where suppressed and french became the new dominante lanuage.
In the 16 century we meet Henry the eight because the pope wouldn't let him divorce his first wife. So he broke with the Catholic church and established the Protestant Church of England with him self as a leader. When Henry lived he had in all 6 wifes.
Elizabeth ( 1533- 1603) - The virgin Qeen
Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry the 8 and Ann Boleyn, one of the wifes Henry had executed. Elizabeth was qeen in 45 years, and it was on of the most exciting time in English history. England became a world power, and defeating its enemy, spain and som colony in America. It was in this time William Shakespear wrote and playes poems that he still is famous for today. In the centre og Elizabeths time she was looking goddess in her extravagant dresses and with her face powdered white. But she never married, and was knowed ass virgin Elizabeth. Elizabeth hold an famous speach who was like this: I know i have a bodey of weak and feeble woman. But i have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too."
Only 18 years old Victoria became qeen. She was qeen most of the 19th century, and when she ruled she was qeen of more than a quarter of the world's population. Scotland, Ireland and wales were now united with England, and the Industrial Revolution had made a Great britain the richest country in the world.
"Never have so many owed so much to so few." these worlds were spoken by Sir Winston Churchill, the British Prime minister during World War 2. Britain played a leading role in the fight against Hitler's Germany. Even though Britain had been on the winning side both world wars, the country had lost its position as the leader of the world. The Hong Kong return to Chinese in 1997 marked the definitive end of the British Empire.
After the terrorist attacks on the USA on 11 September 2001, Britain's Prime Minister Tony Blair was America's most enthusiastic ally in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Britain today is no longer a political or military superpower. But when it comes to world business and finance, London is still one of the most important centres. In addition, the country that gave the world William Shakespear, football, the Beatels, James Bond and the BBC is still a cultural force to be reckonded with.